A Comprehensive Guide to Dandy's PFM Restorations

PFM crowns, also known as porcelain-fused-to-metal crowns, are dental restorations that combine the strength of a metal substructure with the aesthetic appeal of porcelain, providing both durability and a natural-looking appearance. The porcelain covers the entire metal core, leaving no metal exposed or a metal collar visible around the base. The metal core is fabricated from various metals chosen for their strength and/or biocompatible properties. PFM crowns require less retraction and smaller margins, making them an ideal choice for when there is minimal occlusal space.

PFM Material Characteristics

Characteristic PFM

A higher percentage results in a more gold-like appearance for the crown, while a lower alloy percentage diminishes this gold appearance.

Construction Milled
Material shades

Vita Classical 16-cap with a gold monochromatic core

Au% or karat:

From Most Durable to Least Durable in Material Strength

We currently offer the following three options for PFM units: 

  • High Noble Yellow Gold (41%), 10 karat
  • High Noble Rich Yellow Gold (88%), 21 karat
  • High Noble White Gold (60%), 14 karat
Constraints: Pontic None
Constraints: Span None
Collar Types
  • Porcelain Butt Margin: Porcelain is layered up until the base of the crown.
  • Metal Collar: Visible metal band that can be 180 or 360 degrees
  • Junction: Porcelain is layered up until the margin. There is a thin metal collar that is subgingival and not visible
Metal framework or a bisque try-in We do not offer try-ins or bisque bake processes.


PFM Preparation Guidelines

Guideline PFM
Margin type Shoulder or Chamfer
Occlusal Clearance 2.0 mm
Axial Wall Reduction 1.5 mm
Margin Thickness 1.0 mm
Material Thickness

.5mm Core

1.5mm layer of porcelain


American Dental Associates (ADA) Codes

Below are the ADA codes you can use for billing and insurance purposes.

  • D2750: Crown - porcelain fused to high-noble metal 
  • D2751: Crown - porcelain fused to predominantly base metal 
  • D2752: Crown - porcelain fused to noble metal 

Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)

Links to Material Safety Data Sheets for PFM can be accessed below.

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